Working for Disney Is No Fairy Tale
Hong Kong Group Uncovers Widespread Abuse at Disney's Chinese Factories
Human Rights Activists Urge Disney to Improve Labor Practices and Vigorously Enforce Its Code of Conduct for Manufacturers
"This information, though shocking and disturbing, is not surprising--we've seen this before in China," says Medea Benjamin, Co-Director of Global Exchange, a San Francisco-based human rights group that for the past four years has been heavily pressuring US companies to improve their labor practices overseas. "The reports adds further weight to the international call for corporations operating in China, such as Disney, to disclose the locations of their Chinese factories, pay their workers a living wage, and make a serious commitment to independent monitoring."
The HKCIC report, based on interviews with dozens of Chinese workers from four factories, reveals a disturbing pattern of abuse in factories making Disney products. In their eight months of investigation, researchers found that factory managers routinely violate both Chinese labor laws and Disney's own Code of Conduct for Manufacturers with respect to overtime, pay and contracts.
Workers at one factory reported that they regularly work 16 hour days, seven days a week during peak production times despite Chinese labor laws that establish a maximum 49 hour work week. In one factory, employees couldn't afford to go home for the Chinese New Year because they hadn't been paid in three months. Workers at all the investigated factories complained of working mandatory overtime for minuscule wages; at one factory, workers are paid only ten cents above their standard wage for five hours of overtime. And at all the factories, workers are forced to pay the management "deposits" and "entrance fees" just to be able to work; at one factory, workers lose their deposit if they do not stay at the factory for at least two years, and at another workers must pay amonthly "tool deposit."
According to the report, workers at the four investigated factories earn between 13.5 and 36 cents an hour, depending on the production schedule. Independent research groups in Hong Kong say a wage earner must make 87 cents an hour to meet the basic survival needs of a small family in a major Chinese city.
Like many other US corporations doing business abroad, Disney has adopted a Code of Conduct designed to guarantee that its overseas workers are treated fairly. But as the report shows, many of the worker protections in Disney's code--including provisions covering overtime and distribution of the code to workers--are rarely enforced. Human rights activists say the HKCIC report demonstrates that Disney's code is virtually meaningless.
"Disney's Code of Conduct is commendable," says Mary McCollum of CAFOD, the official overseas development agency of the Catholic Church in England. "But it is clear that unless they allow independent monitors in to inspect their factories in China, these gross violations of workers' rights will continue to blight the company's good name."
In the past few years, US corporations such as Levi's, Nike and Reebok have been publicly criticized for how workers are treated in their Chinese factories. This is the first time, however, that Disney's Chinese subcontractors have been scrutinized.
The reports of worker maltreatment come as Disney investors prepare to meet in Seattle at 10:00 a.m. on February 23 for the company's annual shareholders meeting.
A group of religious and socially responsible investors, together holding more than 1 million of shares of Disney stock, has introduced a shareholder resolution that mirrors many of the demands from human rights groups. The investors, citing concerns about Disney's reputation with consumers, want Disney to agree to independent monitoring of its factories; establish a sustainable living wage policy; and report regularly to investors about the pace of workplace improvements. In their shareholder proposal, the investors backing the reforms warn that "without reports validating progress toward implementing the Code of Conduct,lasting damage could occur to our company's reputation, brand value and its long-term profitability."